Government Incentives and Their Impact on Solar Panel Prices in India: A 2024 Perspective

Posted by Waaree on 24th Jun 2024

Government Incentives and Their Impact on Solar Panel Prices in India: A 2024 Perspective

Government Incentives and Their Impact on Solar Panel Prices in India: A 2024 PerspectiveAs India continues its ambitious journey towards a sustainable and energy-independent future, solar power has emerged as a cornerstone of the nation's renewable energy strategy. In recent years, government incentives have played a crucial role in making solar energy more accessible and affordable for both residential and commercial consumers. This blog explores the latest developments in government initiatives and their impact on solar panel prices in India as of 2024.

The Evolution of India's Solar Policy:

India's commitment to solar energy has been steadily growing since the launch of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission in 2010. Over the years, the government has introduced various policies and incentives to boost solar adoption. The most recent and significant update came with the approval of the Green Energy Corridor Phase-II in 2022, aimed at expanding and strengthening the grid infrastructure to accommodate the increasing share of renewable energy.

Key Government Incentives:

1. Rooftop Solar Subsidy:

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) continues to offer subsidies for rooftop solar installations. As of 2024, residential consumers can avail of up to 40% subsidy for systems up to 3 kW and 20% for systems between 3-10 kW. This subsidy has been a game-changer in making rooftop solar more affordable for homeowners.

2. Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme:

We have expanded and refined the PLI scheme for high-efficiency solar PV modules, which we introduced in 2021. This initiative aims to boost domestic manufacturing of solar panels and reduce reliance on imports. The scheme offers financial incentives to manufacturers based on sales and efficiency of solar modules, which has led to increased production and improved quality of domestically produced panels.

3. Reduced GST Rates:

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) on solar panels and related components has been maintained at a lower rate of 5% to encourage adoption. This reduced tax burden has directly contributed to lowering the overall cost of solar installations.

4. Accelerated Depreciation:

Companies investing in solar power plants can still benefit from accelerated depreciation, allowing them to deduct a larger portion of the asset's value in the early years of its life. This tax benefit makes solar investments more attractive for businesses.

5. Net Metering Policies:

While net metering policies vary by state, most regions in India continue to offer favorable net metering arrangements. These policies allow solar system owners to feed excess electricity back into the grid and receive credits, effectively reducing their electricity bills.

Impact on Solar Panel Prices:

The combination of these incentives has had a significant impact on solar panel prices in India:

  • Reduced Import Dependency:

The PLI scheme has boosted domestic manufacturing capabilities. As a result, India's reliance on imported solar panels, particularly from China, has decreased. This shift has helped stabilize prices and protect the market from international supply chain disruptions.

  • Technological Advancements:

Increased investment in the solar sector has led to technological improvements. Indian manufacturers are now producing higher-efficiency panels at competitive prices. The average efficiency of commercially available panels has increased from about 19% in 2020 to over 22% in 2024, offering better value for consumers.

  • Economies of Scale:

As solar adoption has grown, manufacturers have achieved economies of scale. The cost per watt of solar panels has dropped by approximately 15% between 2020 and 2024, making solar more affordable than ever.

  • Competition and Innovation:

Government incentives have attracted more players to the solar manufacturing sector. Increased competition has driven innovation and price reductions, benefiting end consumers.

  • Reduced Balance of System Costs:

While not directly related to panel prices, the overall cost of solar installations has decreased due to reductions in the balance of system costs. Improved installation techniques, standardization of components, and increased installer experience have all contributed to this trend.

Challenges and Future Outlook:

Despite the positive impact of government incentives, some challenges remain:

1. Raw Material Costs:

Price fluctuations in raw materials like silicon, silver, and copper can affect panel prices. The government is exploring ways to secure stable supplies of these materials to mitigate price volatility.

2. Policy Consistency:

While the overall direction of solar policy has been positive, some industry stakeholders have called for more consistent long-term policies to provide greater certainty for investments.

3. Grid Integration:

As solar capacity grows, the challenge of integrating variable renewable energy into the grid becomes more pronounced. Continued investment in grid infrastructure and energy storage solutions will be crucial.

Looking ahead, the Indian government has reaffirmed its commitment to achieving 500 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2030. To support this goal, we can expect further refinements to existing incentives and potentially new initiatives to drive solar adoption and reduce costs.

The introduction of energy storage incentives, improvements in solar-plus-storage systems, and the development of green hydrogen capabilities are areas where future government support could have a significant impact on the solar energy landscape and, by extension, solar panel prices.


Government incentives have played a pivotal role in shaping India's solar industry and driving down the cost of solar panels. As we move forward in 2024 and beyond, the combination of policy support, technological advancements, and market dynamics promises to make solar energy an increasingly attractive and affordable option for Indian consumers. The ongoing commitment to renewable energy at both the national and state levels suggests that the future of solar power in India remains bright.

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